Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SIC 4V98 Special Topics in Social Innovation: Child Migration-Western Hemisphere: Laws & Regulations

How a bill becomes a law (ProQuest)

Legislative Process


Abbreviations for types of legislative documents or Congressional Bills

H.R.                 House Bill

S.                     Senate Bill

H.J.Res.           House Joint Resolution

S.J.Res.           Senate Joint Resolution

H.Con.Res.      House Concurrent Resolution

S.Con.Res.      Senate Concurrent Resolution

H.Res.             House Simple Resolution

S.Res.             Senate Simple Resolution

Congressional Bill (example)

Slip Law

Once a law is signed by the President, it is assigned a public law number and issued in print as a "slip law."

"Pub.L' is the abbreviation for "Public Law"

Ex: "105-276" is a public law number

Citation Example: Pub.L. 105-176

U.S. Statutes at Large

The Statutes at Large is the permanent collection of all laws and resolutions enacted during each session of Congress.

At the end of each session of Congress, slip laws are compiled into bound volumes called the Statutes at Large, and they are known as "session laws." The Statutes at Large present a chronological arrangement of the laws in the exact order that they have been enacted.

A Statutes at Large citation includes the volume number, the abbreviation "stat," and the number of that particular law as assigned in the Statutes at Large.

Citation example: 112 stat 3280

U.S. Code

"The United States Code is the codification by subject matter of the general and permanent laws of the United States.

The U.S. Code was first published in 1926. The next main edition was published in 1934, and subsequent main editions have been published every six years since 1934. In between editions, annual cumulative supplements are published in order to present the most current information."

A U.S. Code citation includes a title number, the abbreviation "USC" or "U.S.C." and a section number.

Citation example: 31 USC 511

Regulatory Publications

University Libraries

One Bear Place #97148
Waco, TX 76798-7148

(254) 710-6702