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This glossary lists tools, organizations and terms relating to systematic reviews and is not comprehensive.
assesses the strength of the evidence for drawing conclusions based on the synthesis. The trends and patterns can be used in comparisons, to discover explanatory or confounding variables, to develop themes or frameworks, to inform best practices, etc.
Systematic error in research studies that can lead to erroneous conclusions. Can occur in clinical trials, systematic reviews, and all types of research.
a database of bibliographic records. Typically contains records for published journal articles, but can also contain records for books, conference proceedings, government publications etc. Can be subject specific or multidisciplinary.
A global network of researchers, health professionals, etc., that promote evidence-informed health decision-making by producing high-quality, relevant, accessible systematic reviews and other synthesized research evidence.
the assessment of data published in research in an explicit and transparent manner with regards to factors such as bias, validity, methods, and conclusions. Also known as quality assessment.
The process of collecting and coding information from relevant studies to form the evidence base which will be used to compare studies and find patterns, themes, and trends.
research that uses transparent and systematic methods to search, synthesize, and summarize for the purposes of policy, practice, and future projects
the information collected from research studies that characterizes what is known about a topic
also known as a blobogram. A graphical display designed to illustrate the relative strength of effects in multiple studies
Generic term: published materials that provide examination of recent or current literature. Can cover wide range of subjects at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness. May include research findings.
A very common framework for structuring a research question for a systematic review. Stands for Patient/population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome
An acronym of the steps for conducting a systematic review. Stands for planning, identifying, evaluating, collecting & combining data, explaining the synthesis, and summarizing
"PRISMA is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions."
is an international database of prospectively registered systematic reviews in health and social care, welfare, public health, education, crime, justice, and international development, where there is a health related outcome.
Key features from the review protocol are recorded and maintained as a permanent record. PROSPERO aims to provide a comprehensive listing of systematic reviews registered at inception to help avoid duplication and reduce opportunity for reporting bias by enabling comparison completed review with what was planned in the protocol.
Describes "the rationale, objectives, and methods that will be used in the systematic review." (Cochrane Reviews definition)
research in which the results are expressed non-numerically
research in which the results are expressed numerically